Grandmothers actively were ill. Sitting rjadkom on a sofa, they jumped up, burning eyes looking at grand daughters, waved hands and encouraged their furious exclamations.
Not participating in detsko-adults races, have crowded on walls of a hall and hazardous (and even a little envious) eyes watched an outcome "сш=т№" where the small should run a line from the grandmother who have submitted any tasty fruit (a banana, an orange, an apple) or sweets to transfer to the partner is more senior, which cleaned these sweets from an unnecessary peel or wrappers, and to bear again to the grandmother obliged quickly-quickly vkusnost to eat, again to transfer to the grand daughter a fresh delicacy "эр ЁрчтюЁрёштрэшх".
The Most curious, grand daughters did not try at all even to bite off a slice from fruit to accompany babuljam or to envy them, tasting sitting on a sofa.
Has passed five years from that game, and children with grandmothers remember in detail as it became. Salads and a pie, beautiful congratulations (one - when congratulating the Bengal fire and while the flame burns lighted, said zazdravnuju speech to the birthday woman the hero of the festivities nevertheless has remembered) were forgot, and here that bustle - was not forgot.
Prizes - plastic cakes and sandwiches - are stored till now in nurseries on foregrounds. And the grown old grandmothers recollect with heat as banal birthday of the small relative has turned once to a fascinating marathon.
The Russian person loves holidays. Or holidays love Slavs - it is for certain not known. But it is enough to recollect, how many holidays in our calendar to understand - without their correct organisation and carrying out not to manage. They otherwise will turn to ordinary everyday life a lot of binge and snack - and will disappear from memory.
The slavic aspiration to celebrate and have fun is especially appreciable in the winter. Since prednovogodija when we it is traditional together with Catholics we mark in the end of December Catholic Christmas, then New year, a Christmas Christianly, Old New year on-julianskomu, more habitual for the Russian person letoschisleniju follows, the Christmas-tide, the Christening, there comes February with Day of the Defender of fatherland, then 8 Martha and so on.
However, summer of holidays become much less. It easily speaks a origin of Russian word "яЁрчфэшъ" - idle, empty, bezdelnyj, nothing filled, - time for rest. That is to celebrate our ancestors have got used only when their days have not been filled by business, work.
By the way, etiologichesky the analysis of value of Russian word "яЁрчфэшъ"а leads us close to it on value to a word "яюЁюцэшщ" connected on sense with following concepts: to bulk up, be dismissed, start up runaways, to expand, blossom. Most likely, such dependence has arisen in development of the holiday. After all, perhaps, unique celebration - was New year the main for the Russian person always.
We Will try to analyse its origin and dependence of a word habitual to us on occurrence and development of the most important for us a holiday.
There was a close connection between a word and concept which it designates, during those far times when in Russia saw off old year and met new in March - the nature revived, the runaways which have fallen asleep for the winter were dismissed, to growth there were plants, woke up and animals started to conduct the vigorous activity, - here and people, imitating all live, opened the next season, cajoled gods that those granted them a rich crop.
Spring festivals proceeded long enough time until after Christianity acceptance in the tenth century of our era, Russian governors have not moved a meeting of New year for September - on the Byzantian customs. And only in 1700, in Peter the Great board, in Russia for the first time met New year on European, Gregorian, letoschisleniju, since December, 31st on 1января. From an easy hand of the great tsar celebrating on the European canons also has got accustomed.
In particular, Peter I has wished, that a winter holiday marked widely and in public - cheerful guljanijami, the rivers of spirits, firing, fires and "яю=х°э№ьш ё=Ёхыісрьш" - fireworks, shutihami, salutes, masquerades and balls, and also preliminary dressed up in houses "фхЁхтр" - about pines or fur-trees then also speeches it was not conducted. In this case the tree is a life, thus in premises not interrupting stream, life movement was symbolised.
Decorated "фхЁхтр" originally nuts yes fruit, and here and there even the vegetables suspended on strings - for ublagotvorenija still remained in national consciousness, pagan, "фюьр°эш§" the spirits granting a prosperity and content. In the western countries on a New Year's table the dish with the baked or stuffed goose - riches symbol, roskoshestva was by all means put. In Russia it was replaced with the stuffed pig who had similar value. Much later there was a custom to hang up on branches self-made toys, candles and a tinsel, as certain "чрьхэш=хыі" the natural fruits besides designating fruitfulness and productivity.
Thanking hristianizatsii, Russia has got some the religious holidays which have become subsequently by most favourite: Christmas and Easter - very kind and cheerful celebrations.
The First of them, perhaps, in consciousness of Russian people was strongly made even to a theme of celebrating of New year and Old New year - as it settles down just in the centre between them, on January, 7th. Some fellow citizens do not divide these fun on exclusively secular and light religious, even kultovo-ceremonial, celebratings, preferring to mark them is identical: in a big way, heating impetuous fun in splashes of champagne and tons of eaten salads. However these days beseems to recollect that it is faster time for light meditations and filosofstvovany, rather than for thoughtless festivals.
The Same happens and with Easter Christ's for it is a spring holiday, on time is often approached to especially secular celebrating on May, 1st. But, despite our ignorance in how to mark these events, all of us it is rather favourite and we appreciate these days given to idle inactivity.
Holidays happen different: state, such, as the Constitution day, secular - wedding, birthday - or religious. And at each of them the, centuries developing ceremonialism in which any trifle carries own, distinct from other days, value. And, not to be trapped, better nevertheless to adhere to old customs, including in a celebration indispensable attributes of a new century - after all the life does not stop!